Civil registration system and census exercise in Nigeria: The challenges of demographic estimation

Chuks J Mba, University of Ghana

Civil registration is the preferred method for collecting basic data on births and deaths. The National Population Commission (NPC) has the statutory responsibility for the production of demographic and vital statistics in Nigeria and is the main source of data. However, Nigeria is yet to implement the compulsory registration of births and deaths as decreed in 1979. The masses are still yet to be fully sensitised in connection with the issue of registration of vital events in Nigeria. Consequently, this system of demographic information is still not universal and adequate in the country. A disadvantage in using the other sources for demographic analysis is that the coverage and accuracy vary greatly over time and space. The best solution in remedying the demographic data situation in Nigeria lies in the strengthening and rapid improvement of the sources of basic vital statistics through the registration of births and deaths.

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Presented in Poster Session 3