Examining children's living conditions by gender of household head: The case of Malawi

Andrew A Jamali, University of Kwazulu-Natal
Esther W Dungumaro, University of Natal at Durban
Pelesana Moerane, University of Kwazulu-Natal

Of late, many African countries have experienced changes in structure, composition of households, and shifts from predominantly male to female headed ones. This has affected living conditions of women and children. This study explores children’s living conditions by gender of household head. The results will help to formulate target specific and impact oriented child development programs. The study used 2004 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey data, analyzing children’s living arrangements by gender of household head. Housing condition and ownership of durable goods by gender of household head was also assessed. Logistic regression and Principal Component Analysis were used to compare children’s living conditions and household wealth by gender of the head. Preliminary results show that children living in female headed households are worse off than in male headed ones. This finding poses urgent policy implications on gender influenced intergenerational poverty and better livelihood among female headed households.

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Presented in Session 65: Gender inequities and inequalities