Implications of men’s labor migration for women’s HIV/AIDS risks in rural Mozambique

Victor Agadjanian, Arizona State University
Carlos Arnaldo, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
Boaventura Cau, Arizona State University

This study examines how Mozambican men’s labor migration, mainly to South Africa, may increase their non-migrating wives’ risks of HIV/AIDS by amplifying women’s economic insecurities and social vulnerabilities and undermining spouses’ commitment to marriage. The study employs quantitative and qualitative data collected in rural areas of southern Mozambique in 2006. The quantitative data come from a survey of 1678 married women in 56 villages, with a sample consisting of approximately equal numbers of women married to migrants and women married to non-migrants. The qualitative data comprises in-depth interviews with a subsample of 72 survey respondents with migrant husbands. The statistical models compare women married to migrants to those married to non-migrants. The qualitative analyses are integrated with the statistical analyses to provide additional insights into how men’s migration reconfigures women’s marital relations, survival strategies, and social networks in the way that may directly or indirectly bear on women’s HIV/AIDS risks.

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Presented in Session 32: Demographic determinants and consequences of HIV and AIDS