Levels, Patterns and Determinants of Marital Fertility among Low Contraceptive Communities of Southern Ethiopia: Experience of Resistant to Fertility Decline

Nigatu Regassa, Hawassa University

The study is based on primary data collected from 1467 ever-married women selected from one of the most populous district (zone) of southern Ethiopia, and the national level DHS 2005 data. The study has employed the Bongaarts fertility model to estimate the levels and fertility inhibiting effects of some proximate determinants at both zonal (study population) and national level. The study has estimated the relative contribution of each proximate determinant (Marriage, contraception, postpartum infecundability, and abortion) to the current level of fertility in Southern Ethiopia and then compared the results with the national level experiences using the Bongaarts model.. Among the proximate determinants of fertility, postpartum infecundability takes the lion share of fertility inhibition, followed by marriage factors at both zonal and national level. The findings of the multivariate analysis using MCA model revealed that there exists significant relationship between seven explanatory variables and the dependent variable (children ever born).

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Presented in Poster Session 4