Adult mortality based on death notification data in South Africa: 1997-2004

Barbara A. Anderson, University of Michigan
Heston Phillips, Statistics South Africa

We examine natural and unnatural cause mortality in South Africa between 1997 and 2005. The division of natural and unnatural mortality is important because policies to decrease natural mortality require things such as immunization programs and health promotion campaigns to improve diet and reduce smoking. Reductions in unnatural mortality requires things such as the promotion of safe driving practices, and policing programs to reduce homicides etc. We find that natural cause mortality has increased substantially during this period. The age standardized rate in the later year was more than twice its 1997 value for males and nearly 3 times the value for females. The age standardised rate for unnatural deaths declined slightly over this period. In 1997, among those alive on their 15th birthday, females had a better chance of living to their 40th birthday than males. In the later year, males had a better chance.

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Presented in Session 22: Adult mortality in Africa