Factors affecting the chance mechanism of maternal deaths in Africa

Dilip C. Nath, Gauhati University

This paper identifies the impact of several factors viz., births attended by skilled personnel, use of contraception, HIV-infection, adolescent pregnancy, education, employment, economic-distress, and TFR affecting the life time chances of dying from maternal causes in Africa. The regression and multiple-test techniques have been used for analysis. The data used for this are taken from DHS and Population Reference Bureau reports. Lifetime chance of dying from maternal causes 1 in 20 in Africa in comparison it is 1 in 2,800 in more developed countries. This chance of dying is comparatively lower in Mauritius, Reunion, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Algeria among all countries in Africa and it is equally highest in Niger, Malawi and Angola. The poor delivery services and high proportion of HIV/AIDS-infection among adult-woman are primary causes of higher maternal mortality. The Millennium Development Goals cannot be achieved in most of the African countries unless reproductive health is guaranteed.

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Presented in Poster Session 4