Women informal employment and economic development in Africa: Opportunities and challenges

Arezou Sayadi, Regional Center for Population Research and Studies in Asia and the Pacific
Nahid Salehi, Regional Center for Population Research and Studies in Asia and the Pacific
Tayebeh (Sahel) Taherianfard, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS)
Nader Motie Haghshenas, Population Studies and Research Center in Asia and the Pacific

Informal employment is generally large source of employment for women and has grown very fast in Africa. According to available statistics, women who are working in informal employment in North Africa comprise 43 percent of total women employment while in Sub-Saharan Africa it's estimated 84 percent. Owing to remarkable differences between these regions, and correlation between women employment and economic development, this study seems necessary. The article aims to determine the correlation between women informal employment and economic development. This article is based on documentary study in Africa. Data sources are taken from UN, ILO, UNDP, and World Bank. Furthermore, the other sources having appropriate information may be used. According to other studies, it seems that although women employment paves the way for economic development and ultimately sustainable development, there is difference between the sectors women are working in, and whether women affect on production and link with economic development or not.

Presented in Session 100: Human capital needs for achieving MDGs in Africa