Explaining persistent high fertility in Uganda using ethnicity: A case of Itesot and Basoga ethnic groups

Yovani Moses A Lubaale, Makerere University

The relationship between ethnicity and fertility has been studied in many countries particularly those of western Europe but little is known about Uganda. Uganda is population doubles in less than 25 years. In trying to understand why this population growth has remained high, this paper looks at how different ethnic groups behave in determining their fertility outcome. This paper looks at two ethnic groups namely the Basoga and Itesot. The Basoga have remained the third largest ethnic group for over a century with it proportion on the entire population increasing. On the other hand, the Itesot where one time the second largest ethnic group but have now become the fifth. Data sources where the 2002 census and 2006 UDHS. Both direct and indirect methods of fertility estimation used. In all the districts considered where these ethnic group live side by side, the Ateso had a high fertility than the Basoga.

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Presented in Session 4: Emerging issues in the Demography of East Africa