Trust, commitment, fidelity, and condom use among young adults in Tanzania

Megan Klein Hattori, Brown University

In Tanzania, 7% of the adult population is HIV positive. For sexually active individuals there are two ways to avoid AIDS: long-term fidelity with an uninfected partner and consistent condom use. Trust and commitment play a complex but critical role in both fidelity and condom use. While trust and commitment are often barriers to condom use, they are likely prerequisites for long-term fidelity. We explore the relationship between trust, commitment, and AIDS prevention behaviors—long-term fidelity and condom use using data from a 2007 Tanzania tracking survey conducted among youth aged 15 to 24. We find that greater trust in a partner is associated with positive self-feelings of higher self esteem, lower depression and distress. Commitment is associated with lower levels of distress and higher relationship satisfaction. Condom use has an inverse relationship with commitment and marital status. Fidelity is associated with lower mastery, worse health, and being female.

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Presented in Poster Session 3