The relationship between level of schooling, main economic activity and household assets

Rosalia S. Katapa, Mkwawa University College of Education

Associations between levels of schooling among people aged 15 to 65 years, main economic activities and ownership of household assets were examined using data collected in Tanzania in 2005. The following question was also answered: With the same level of schooling, is there a significant difference in main economic activities with respect to sex, residence and age? The findings showed that people who had never attended school and those with primary education were concentrated in agriculture; secondary school graduates with training and those with tertiary education occupied white-collar jobs. Whereas the percentage of people in agriculture decreased with increasing level of education, the contrary was the case for the employed. Smaller percentages of males than females, urban than rural and young than old were in agriculture in almost all educational levels. Higher percentages of educated people lived in good quality houses and had household assets than those with low education.

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Presented in Session 33: What are the social and economic returns of schooling in contemporary Africa?