An assessment of the HIV risk factors and variations in HIV prevalence in rural Malawi

Francis Obare, Population Council

This study uses two waves of HIV survey data from rural Malawi to examine the risk factors associated with HIV infection and the variations in the impact of these factors across the study sites. The results show that: (i) partner mobility is a significant risk factor among men from the South and among women from the South and the North, (ii) marital experience is significant among men from the South, and (iii) multiple life-time sexual partners is significant for women from the South. There are also significant differences across study sites in the predicted HIV prevalence among high-risk groups, especially with respect to partner mobility for men and all the three HIV-risk factors considered for women. Not surprisingly, the predicted prevalence among high-risk groups is significantly higher among women than among men. The differential impact of the risk factors across study sites could be due to variations in condom use.

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Presented in Session 13: Determinants of sub-national differences in HIV prevalence