Poverty and social exclusion in Angola: a social vulnerability approach
Betina Ferraz Barbosa, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Bernardo Campolina, USP
The present paper aims do discuss social vulnerability in Angola, with especial attention to two related issues: poverty and social exclusion. The idea of qualifying a social vulnerability mainstream proposal identifies as main challenge the reflection of questions like: how to understand poverty and social exclusion in Angola and why adopt the theoretical approach of social vulnerability?; among others. The theoretical proposals of social vulnerability approach explore four main dimensions: i) human assets; ii) households’ assets; iii) financial assets; and iv) social assets; forming a multidimensional set of exposure to risk of social groups and individuals. A matrix of social vulnerability indicators of Angola is presented. Additionally an empirical exercise focusing on the construction of Social Vulnerability Index to Angola is tested. The methodological construction of the index has been developed in two steps: i) a single composite exercise; ii) and a complementary composite exercise.