Risk factors associated with HIV/AIDS transmission in Mbarali District, Mbeya Region

Eleuther A.M Mwageni, Sokoine University of Agriculture
Francis J Sichona, University of Dar es Salaam
Sylvester Ndile, Institute of Rural Development
Jeremiah Kirway, Mzumbe University

HIV/AIDS pandemic is recognised as the world’s challenge to development. Despite measures taken, HIV/AIDS is still a problem in Tanzania. Efforts to find vaccines are unsuccessful. Prevention remains the best strategy. Knowledge of factors associated with this transmission is important. The objective of the paper is to examine the risk factors associated with HIV/AIDS transmission. The paper uses data from study conducted in July 2005 with a sample of 400 respondents from three villages in Mbarali District, Mbeya Region. Findings reveal that 32% are sexually active by age 16. Condom use during first sexual contact is 16%. About 18% of respondents practice anal sex and male circumcision is about 50%. Sexual partner exchange is common. Discussion of sexuality issues is low. Widow inheritance, women cleansing, use of vaginal products are common cultural practices. The study recommends that more community awareness interventions are needed to reduce risks of transmission of HIV/AIDS

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Presented in Poster Session 2