Differential and determinants of prevention and treatment of malaria in Nigeria: A multilevel spatial analysis
Papiya Guha Mazumdar, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Sumit Mazumdar, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Malaria in Nigeria is considered as one of the worst hits in Africa. To curb down the rate of malarial burden by 2010, the Federal Government of Nigeria is committed through the ongoing National Malaria Control Programme. The focus is on pregnant women and children; who are regarded as the major affected group. There is a need to understand the existing situation of preventive and curative measures taken among the target groups, its differentials and determinants across the regions. A multilevel analysis indicates poverty as the major predictor of the existing differentials, along with other individual, household and community co-variates. A significant spatial pattern of differentials and its determinants in preventive and curative coverage is observed through a Geographic Information System graphical representation. The paper provides important programme and policy directions in relation to malaria eradication in the country in near future.