Impact of ART rollout on sexual and fertility behaviour in Uganda

John Bosco Asiimwe, Makerere University

There being no cure for HIV infection, Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) aims at reducing the HIV viral load for as long as possible while providing other appropriate therapies for HIV-related complications. ART also prevents HIV transmission, associated complications, and the long-term and short-term adverse drug reactions associated with antiretroviral agents, and preserves HIV treatment options (Barlette, 2007). Within 2 years of the treatment revolution, (1996-1997), there was a 60%-80% decrease in mortality, AIDS rates, and hospitalizations for HIV-associated, however the side effects, drug resistance (causing many patients to eventually have virologic failure in the long-term) and adherence have been shown to be critical to treatment success; In most Developing countries due to poverty, poor health facilities, illiteracy, ignorance, the level of adherence required is often not met posing negative consequences on the economy. Using quantitative analysis procedures, this study aims at evaluating the association between ART adherence, sexual and fertility behavior.

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Presented in Poster Session 4