Orphans, schooling and medical aid coverage in the era of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Henry V Doctor, Columbia University
Zodwa M Radasi, University of the Western Cape

Using data from the 2003 General Household Survey, we examine the level of orphanhood and its impact on school enrolment and medical aid coverage in South Africa. Using descriptive statistics and logistic regression models, results show that the proportions of orphanhood increases with age and that non-orphans are 42 per cent more likely to be enrolled in school than orphans. Non-orphans are about four times more likely to be enrolled in a medical aid scheme than orphans. The findings reported here are very important in that they help the government gauge the progress made towards achieving one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals of reducing the world’s poverty by half. Further, these findings call for the continued support of the government and the extended family in enhancing the welfare of orphans.

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Presented in Session 85: HIV and AIDS Impacts