Fertility changes, forms of union and cohabitation in two West African cities, Bamako and Lomé

Solene Lardoux, Université de Montréal
Donatien Beguy, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)

In most African countries, fertility started to decrease but the pace and intensity of the decline vary greatly. In West Africa countries like Mali show a recent and slow fertility decrease. In Togo, the decline of fertility started earlier and reached levels that are lower than in Mali. In the present communication, our aim is to study the relation between status of residence and formality (and legality) of union with timing and number of births in two capital cities of Togo and Mali. Results of this research will cast light on two questions: how are the new forms of union related to changes in fertility in Bamako and Lomé? What are the differences and the similarities between the two capital cities, as for these relations? The originality of two retrospective surveys should help us better understand the contexts of high fertility levels, the role of cohabitation and marriage on fertility.

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Presented in Session 48: Determinants of fertility change in Africa